What Types Of Renewable Energy Are There, And How Are They Produced
There is more than one renewable energy source available in the world. This prevents us from depending on just one source. Thus, we are away from the risk of running out of power when any distribution problem occurs. This potential is possible thanks to the sizeable territorial extension and the diversity of biomes and climates in the country. You must know the types of renewable energy that exist. e360 power gives you different types of renewable energy:
It is energy produced from the heat of the sun – one of the most available resources on the entire planet. Its irradiation on the Earth’s surface is sufficient to meet thousands of times the world’s energy consumption. That is why it is considered a promising renewable source and has received the most investment. In addition, it is an excellent source of energy for tropical countries, such as Brazil, whose solar radiation is usually intense for most of the year, especially in the Northeast.
You must have seen those huge propellers in large fields near the sea. These are wind energy collectors, which use the force of the winds to generate electricity. This type of system uses the driving force generated in the turbines (also called wind turbines) using large windmill blades installed in places with a great circulation of air masses. Initially, the wind’s kinetic energy is transformed into mechanical energy and then into electrical energy. Like solar energy, it can be applied through battery storage, supplying energy directly to the grid or with both sources. It is a system present in the South and Northeast regions, characterized by the abundant wind.
It is the hydraulic energy generated through water from rivers with the help of hydroelectric plants. These plants use a kind of elevation to increase the force of the water and move the turbines that produce electricity. It is a fountain that depends on the amount of rain to work correctly. But, in general, this type of system is supported by reservoirs that store water in the rainy season to be used in periods of scarcity.
Despite being a renewable and clean source, the construction of hydroelectric plants causes great environmental and social impact, with serious consequences for nature, such as the flooding of habitable areas and habitats, in addition to the displacement of communities and loss of biodiversity.
In addition, there is another downside to hydroelectric production: the cost. With a shortage of rain, producing energy requires more from thermoelectric plants, making the process more expensive and reflecting directly on the consumer’s pocket.
Biogas is obtained from the Biomass contained in waste, urban, industrial and agricultural, and sewage, which naturally changes from a solid to a gaseous state through the action of microorganisms that decompose organic matter in an anaerobic environment.
In this case, biogas is released into the atmosphere and contributes to global warming since it is composed of methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2), hydrogen (H2), oxygen (O2), and hydrogen sulphide (H2S). The use of waste for energy production allows the use of this gas and reduces the volume of solid waste. The generation of energy by this source allows the reduction of gases that cause the greenhouse effect and contributes to the fight against soil and groundwater pollution. Bear in mind that companies like e360 power can manage your electricity.